Irish Surnames E-G

A list of Irish surnames beginning with the letters E and G


Variant: Keegan, MacEgan

In Irish: Ó Aodhagáin

Found in: Tipperary, Kilkenny, Offaly

Origin: Gaelic

Means “son of Aodh or Hugh”


Variant: O’Hagan, Fegan, O’Hogan

In Irish: Ó Faodhagain

Found in: Dublin, Kerry

Origin: Gaelic

Means “little Hugh”.


Variant: Fahey, Faghy, Green

In Irish: Ó Fathaigh

Found in: Widespread, Galway, Tipperary

Origin: Gaelic

Means “field green”


Variant: Falloon

In Irish: Ó Fallamhain

Found in: Cork, Donegal, Galway, Kerry, Wexford

Origin: Gaelic

Means “ruler”


Variant: More O’Ferrall. More, O’Ferrall

Origin: Gaelic

From fear ghal meaning “brave man”


Variant: Desmond, Gerald

In Irish: Mac Gearailt

Origin: Norman

fitz means “son”. The Earls of Desmond were FitzGeralds. The family originated in Italy, near Florence.


Variant: Kilpatrick, MacGillapatrick

In Irish: MacGiolla Padraig

Found in: Widespread, Laois

Origin: Gaelic

Means “servant of St. Patrick”, and unlike other ‘Fitz’ surnames is Irish, not Norman.


Variant: O’Flannagan

In Irish: Ó Flannagain,

Found in: Fermanagh, Offaly, Roscommon.

Origin: Gaelic

Means “red”.


Variant: O’Flynn, Flinn, O’Loinn, O’Lynn

In Irish: Ó Floinn

Found in: Antrim, Cork, Roscommon.

Origin: Gaelic

Means “red or ruddy”, same derivation as Flanaghan.


In Irish: Ó Fogartaigh

Found in: Tipperary

Origin: Gaelic

Means “exiled or banished”.


In Irish: Ó Foghladha

Found in: Munster, Waterford.

Origin: Gaelic

Means “plunderer”.


In Irish: Ó Frighil

Found in: Donegal, Ulster

Origin: Gaelic

From fear ghal meaning “brave man”, same derivation as Farrell


Variant: Caulfield

In Irish: Ó Gamhna

Found in: Coonaught

Origin: Gaelic

Means “calf”.


In Irish: Ó Gallchobhair.

Found in: Donegal

Origin: Gaelic

Means “foreign help”

Galvin, Gallivan

Origin: Gaelic

Ó Gealbháin, “bright white”. Kerry, Roscommon.


Origin: Gaelic

O Gairbith or Mac Gairbhith, “rough peace”. Armagh, Donegal, Down, Kilkenny.


Variant: Garrity, Gerity, Gerritty & many similar.

In Irish: Ó Oireachtaigh

Found in: Galway, Roscommon

Origin: Gaelic

Means “court or assembly”


Variant: Gildea

In Irish: Mac Giolla Dhé

Found in: Clare

Origin: Gaelic

Means “the son of the follower of God.”

Griffin (1)

In Irish: Ó Gríobhtha, Ó Gríofa

Found in: Kerry, Clare

Origin: Gaelic

Gaelic version is derived from a nickname which meant “Brave Warrior”. Most Clare Griffons descend from Angus, Son of Dal a 4th century chieftain.

Griffin (2)

Variant: Griffith, Griffiths, Griffis

In Irish: Ó Gríobhtha, Ó Gríofa

Found in: Widespread but not common

Origin: Norman

Welsh-Norman planters who changed their name to Griffin after arriving in Ireland


Variant: McGennis, MacGinnis, Magennis, McGuiness, MacGuinness, MacInnis

In Irish: MacAonghusa

Found in: Widespread

Origin: Gaelic

Means “son of Aonghus” a 5th century. chief of Dal Araidhe.

Article updated: March 31, 2017 | Image Credits

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  • Kate O'Riordan says:

    My father – born 1910 – used to say that Foley (his mother’s family name) meant “robber or plunderer” – as you have it – BUT he held that it would therefore have been a Viking or Norse name. He was born in West/Mid Cork and had a few references to Vikings in his normal speech (English). On a very cold day, for example, he would say: “it would skin the Danes”.

  • Joseph Fitzhenry says:

    Meiler Fitzhenry Great Grandson of William I of England (William the Conqueror, William of Normandy), Grandson of Henry I, and cousin or brother of several other famous Normans and who entered Ireland with Robert FitzStephen in 1169 He returned in 1173 with Richard de Clare (Strongbow) throwing Ireland into revolt. He was granted huge estates throughout Ireland including Offaly, Carbury, Kildare, Limerick and later Leix. Eventually were added estates in Kerry and Cork. He was Lord Chief Justice of Ireland for many years, and founded the monastery of Great Connell Priory in Kildare.
    With such prominence of effect on the formation of modern Ireland post the English invasion, I was wondering how an Irish name such as Fitzhenry (Fitzhenry) does not appear on a list of Irish surnames?

  • FARRELL says:

    Send me the spelling for Farrell in Irish and Highland Gaelic to the email address “”

  • FARRELL says:

    Please send me the Irish,and Scottish spelling for the surname Farrell in Gaelic.

  • Adrian Foran says:

    FORAN is the Anglicized form of the Gaelic (Irish) name ‘O’Fuarthain, O’Fuarain’, meaning ‘descendant of Fuar(th)an’, a personal name believed to be derived from the Gaelic ‘fuar’, cold. The name was first Anglicized as O’Forhane and Forahan, these forms being used mostly in County Kerry and West Cork. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of O Foirtchern, which was dated 1175, Annals of the Four Masters, during the reign of Rory O’Connor, High King of Ireland, 1166-1175. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to “develop” often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

  • Bob says:

    The surname Ó Oireachtaigh, is always found as MagOireachtaigh which means  “of the assembly or committie. I have never came across the O’ version in old manuscripts? The Mag is just Mac ‘son of’ but because of Mac  in the Irish language preceeding a vowel the C becomes a G.

  • SEAN says:


    Fee numerous: Ulster, particulary Tyrone. Also in Louth, Longford, Leitrim. Ir. Ó Fiaich, from fiach, a raven – but a common personal name. An erenagh family of Fermanagh. The name occurs as Foy and even Hunt by mistranslation.

    MacFee rare: Down etc. Ir. Mac Dhuibhshíth. See Mahaffy.

    MacPhee Very rare: Belfast. Ir. Mac Dhuibhshíth, “dark man of peace” or, perhaps, “dark fairy”. A Scots clan of Colonsay, some of whom settled in Antrim 16 cent. See also Mahaffy. SGG.

    O’Fee rare: Ulster. Ir. Ó Fiaich, perhaps from first name Fiach, raven.

  • Jason Ray says:


    Here is some info on the Irish surname Ray,in case it is not already mentioned.


    Gaelic = Ó Riabhaigh

    Meaning = descendant of the Riabhach.The Gaelic word “riabhach” means striped,streaked,grey or brindled.

    Is Mise le meas,

    Séasán Ó Riabhaigh
    (Jason Ray)

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